“Stories of a Wounded Land” provides documentary evidences regarding one of the more complex current affairs, which involves the majority of the world population and the planet itself: agro-business. Undoubtedly, this is one of the current affairs which has a more global focus, as it links producers from Latin American countries or African tribes with the large corporations and consumers of the developed world.
This method of large scale production of food, with high economic returns, will soon be about to enter its second decade. It is ba- sed on the use of biotechnology to obtain genetically modified seeds that are resistant to agrochemicals, that have been called into question as a result of their eventual consequences for the health of the population, but allow to simplify the planting and harvesting tasks. “History of a Wounded Land” is a project which tries to reflect the consequences of this model and to find an answer to a question that has never been discussed seriously and without fanaticism: Does agro-business represent a solution to put an end to global hunger, or it is simply a way to poison the World?
There are several vital issues intertwined behind agro-business, such as public health, the control policies of the different states, complaints about violations of human rights, the fight for the land ownership, environmental impact, the interests of large corpora- tions and the advances of the applied sciences within the field of food processing.
The consequences on the health of local populations – that coexist with the spraying of agrochemicals like Glyphosate or several substances that have been forbidden in European countries, but that are still authorised in producing countries – has been syste- matically denounced from Argentina and Brazil, two of the major producers of food, and it has become one of the most questio- nable issues of this production model. The official surveys evidence a growing number of cancer cases and birth malformations at the fumigated areas.
The agro-business model also implies the need to find more arable land. The high returns obtained entail the need to incorporate new territories for farming, and in turn, on many occasions, this is done at the expense of dismantling many hectares of land, as in the case of the Amazon forest, and in many others, of causing conflicts that may even lead to violence and confrontation for the ownership of the land among rural dwellers, indigenous communities and producers.
This desire to find new arable land also leads to territorial changes that can even go beyond the fight for the ownership of the land. The incorporation of this method of production also entails that traditional crops are being driven out by the transgenic ones. This phenomenon is going unnoticed, in view of the announcements of record harvests in those countries that have turned to a nearly monoculture method of production.